GIS or geographic information system is a system made in order for geographic or spatial data to be captured, stored, manipulated, analyzed, managed and presented. With the aid of GIS applications as tools, users are guided on how to create queries that are interactive, to analyze spatial information, edit the data in maps, and present the results of these processes.
Today, we have green projects all over the world that are getting benefits because of GIS technology, and this is because of the versatility and things to offer of GIS in the field of renewable energy.
Among the many exciting ways that GIS can help the green projects is its wind maps. With the aid of a wind map, the average wind speeds of an area can be shown, which will aid in finding the best place where a wind turbine farm can be installed. With this wind map, the wind speeds at various elevations can be also shown as to its character, and this will help researchers to identify the height of the wind generator so that the best results can be obtained. By revealing the areas with the most wind energy potential, costs are minimized.
The frequency of wind related dangers like tornadoes and hurricanes can be revealed with the aid of the wind maps. This would then lead for engineers to design and construct wind farms that are more durable and that can handle these mentioned conditions. With GIS, information about the land can also be shown, if it is prone to flooding or far away from transmission lines, that would inhibit the building of the wind farm or consider it a feasible project.
Researchers can calculate if wind turbines or solar panels are beneficial, with the combination of the technologies of solar map and wind map.
Solar panels will find that it can get several benefits from what GIS features can offer. Be aware that when solar panels installation is considered, factors have also be taken into consideration such as solar intensity, daily light amounts the panels receive, average temperature of the area and the cloud coverage. With GIS, these parameters can be placed on a map, shown to investors to help determine the most productive position of the solar panels, and this can affect on how effective the solar panels are, whether there is an increase or reduction.
Through solar maps, how much the solar energy can be known as received on a per year basis. It can be told then that there is a wealth of information through digital maps that will give benefits to the many green projects today, and can be attributed to GIS which is a powerful tool to support maintenance of our green earth.